中国电力 ›› 2021, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (2): 113-119,155.doi: 10.11930/j.issn.1004-9649.202005162

• 电网 • 上一篇    

国内外能源转型比较与启示

张宁, 薛美美, 吴潇雨, 代红才, 张运洲, 刘林, 张栋   

  1. 国网能源研究院有限公司,北京 102209
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-29 修回日期:2020-08-02 发布日期:2021-02-06
  • 作者简介:张宁(1989-),男,博士,高级工程师,从事能源电力规划、能源互联网研究,E-mail:zhangning@sgeri.sgcc.com.cn;薛美美(1991-),女,通信作者,博士,从事能源电力规划、能源转型研究,E-mail:xuemeimei@sgeri.sgcc.com.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家电网公司科技项目(基于消费新模式的能源新业态发展量化演进模型研究及应用,SGHE0000KXJS1800549)

Comparison and Enlightenment of Energy Transition Between Domestic and International

ZHANG Ning, XUE Meimei, WU Xiaoyu, DAI Hongcai, ZHANG Yunzhou, LIU Lin, ZHANG Dong   

  1. State Grid Energy Research Institute Co., Ltd., Beijing 102209, China
  • Received:2020-05-29 Revised:2020-08-02 Published:2021-02-06
  • Supported by:
    This work is supported by Science and Technology Project of SGCC (Research and Application of Quantitative Evolution Model of New Energy Industry Format Development Based on New Consumption Pattern, No.SGHE0000KXJS1800549)

摘要: 当前全球能源转型正处于加速推进时期,各国转型进程呈现出一定的差异化特征。基于对能源转型发展方向的剖析,提出涵盖能源结构、能源效率、能源安全、能源价格4个维度的能源转型评价指标体系。在此基础上,对中国、美国、德国、法国、日本、韩国等主要国家能源转型情况进行对比分析,进而提出对中国能源转型的结论与启示。

关键词: 能源转型, 能源转型评价指标, 能源结构, 能源效率, 能源安全, 能源价格

Abstract: At present, the global energy transition is in a period of accelerated advancement, and the transition process of various countries also exhibits certain differentiated characteristics. Based on the analysis of the development direction of energy transition, this paper proposes an energy transition evaluation index system covering four dimensions: energy structure, energy efficiency, energy security, and energy price. On this basis, a comparative analysis of the energy transition situation in major countries such as China, the United States, Germany, France, Japan, and South Korea is conducted, and then conclusions and enlightenments for China's energy transition are put forward.

Key words: energy transition, energy transition evaluation index, energy structure, energy efficiency, energy security, energy price