中国电力 ›› 2021, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (2): 27-35.doi: 10.11930/j.issn.1004-9649.202005040

• 国家“十三五”智能电网重大专项专栏:(五)电力传感技术及应用专栏 • 上一篇    

面向电力传感器的环境能量收集技术发展趋势及面临的挑战

李春龙1,2, 黄辉1,2, 梁云1,2, 柴谦益3, 赵若涵4, 胡长悦5   

  1. 1. 全球能源互联网研究院有限公司,江苏 南京 210000;
    2. 国家电网公司电力智能传感技术及应用联合实验室,北京 102209;
    3. 国网温州供电公司,浙江 温州 325000;
    4. 国网电科院实验验证中心,江苏 南京 210000;
    5. 国网新疆电力有限公司信息通信公司,新疆 乌鲁木齐 830000
  • 收稿日期:2020-05-07 修回日期:2020-12-15 发布日期:2021-02-06
  • 作者简介:李春龙(1987-),男,通信作者,硕士,高级工程师,从事电力传感技术研究,E-mail:lichunlong@geiri.sgcc.com.cn;黄辉(1978-),男,硕士,高级工程师,从事电力传感技术研究,E-mail:huanghui@geiri.sgcc.com.cn;梁云(1976-),男,硕士,高级工程师,从事电力传感技术研究,E-mail:liangyun@geiri.sgcc.com.cn;柴谦益(1970-),男,硕士,高级工程师,从事电力通信技术研究,E-mail:807291313@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家电网有限公司科技项目(基于微能量收集的无线传感器自供能技术研究及应用,5700-202036164A-0-0-00)

Power Sensor-oriented Development and Challenges of Environmental Energy Harvesting Technologies

LI Chunlong1,2, HUANG Hui1,2, LIANG Yun1,2, CHAI Qianyi3, ZHAO Ruohan4, HU Changyue5   

  1. 1. Global Energy Interconnection Research Institute Co., Ltd., Nanjing 210000, China;
    2. Electric Power Intelligent Sensing Technology and Application State Grid Corporation Joint Laboratory, Beijing 102209, China;
    3. State Grid Wenzhou Electric Power Supply Company, Wenzhou 325000, China;
    4. Experimental Verification Center of State Grid Electric Power Research Institute, Nanjing 210000, China;
    5. State Grid Xinjiang Information & Telecommunication Company, Urumqi 830000, China
  • Received:2020-05-07 Revised:2020-12-15 Published:2021-02-06
  • Supported by:
    This work is supported by Science and Technology Project of SGCC (Research and Application of Wireless Sensor Self Powered Technology Based on Micro Energy Harvesting, No.5700-202036164A-0-0-00)

摘要: 电力传感器作为能源互联网感知层的基本组成部分,其供电稳定性是广大从业者的关注重点。通过环境能量收集技术为传感器供电,可使传感器具有自供电特性以及长期免维护的优势,能量收集技术在电力传感领域的应用受到了越来越广泛关注。综述了环境能量收集技术在电力领域的应用现状以及温差、振动、风致振动等新型能量收集技术的特点。结合电力行业传感器应用需求,提出了环境能量收集技术在电力行业应用的发展趋势,总结为取能方式多样化、取能器件小型化和取能传感一体化等发展方向,并对应用发展面临的挑战进行了剖析,提出了取能技术应用面临的技术挑战、可靠性挑战和应用适配挑战。

关键词: 能源互联网, 电力传感, 能量收集, 自供能

Abstract: As the basic component of the energy Internet sensing layer, power sensor has attracted attentions from practitioners with focus on its power supply stability. Environmental energy harvesting technology makes the power sensor have self-powered capability and long-term maintenance-free advantages, and its application in power sensors has thus attracted more and more attentions. A review is made of the application status of environmental energy harvesting technologies in the field of electric power, as well as the characteristics of new energy harvesting technologies such as temperature difference, vibration, wind-induced vibration, etc.. Based on the application requirements of power sensors, the development trend of environmental energy harvesting technologies is predicted for their application in electric power industry, which can be summarized as diversification of energy harvesting methods, miniaturization of energy harvesting devices, integration of energy harvesting devices and sensors. In addition, a systematic analysis is made on the technical challenges, reliability challenges and application adaptation challenges in application of the energy harvesting technologies to the power sensor field.

Key words: energy Internet, power sensor, energy harvesting, self powered