中国电力 ›› 2012, Vol. 45 ›› Issue (11): 96-101.doi: 10.11930/j.issn.1004-9649.2012.11.96.5

• 智能电网 • 上一篇    

电动汽车充电站规划布局与选址方案的优化方法

葛少云,冯亮,刘洪,王龙   

  1. 天津大学 智能电网教育部重点实验室,天津 300072
  • 收稿日期:2012-08-20 出版日期:2012-11-18 发布日期:2016-02-29
  • 作者简介:葛少云(1964-),男,河北曲阳人,博士,教授,从事城市电网规划、配电系统自动化和智能电网等方面的研究和教学工作。

An Optimization Approach for the Layout and Location of Electric Vehicle Charging Stations

GE Shao-yun, FENG Liang, LIU Hong, WANG Long   

  1. Key Laboratory of Smart Grid of Ministry of Education, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, China
  • Received:2012-08-20 Online:2012-11-18 Published:2016-02-29

摘要: 在兼顾充电站运营者和电动汽车用户双方利益的前提下,提出了一种基于全社会成本最小化的充电站规划布局的优选模型。在充分考虑路网结构、车流信息和用户路程损耗等影响因素的情况下,提出了充电站选址定容的优化方法。该方法以路口节点的交通流量来表示路网中的车流情况,以权重来反映车流密度对充电站服务范围的影响,以用户在充电路程中的损耗成本最小为目标进行选址,并利用加权Voronoi图来实现充电站服务范围的自动划分。最后,以全社会成本最小为目标从多种规划方案中选择最优方案作为规划区充电站最终的规划方案。算例表明,所提出的方法和模型对于城市区域电动汽车充电站的优化规划具有一定的可行性和合理性。

关键词: 电动汽车, 充电站规划, 全社会成本, 车流信息

Abstract: With consideration of the interests of both charging station operators and users, an optimization model for electric vehicle charging station planning which is based on the minimum cost of the whole society is presented. An optimization method for locating and sizing of charging stations is proposed with the consideration of the road network, the traffic flow and the users′ loss on the way to the charging station. The traffic flow of each intersection node is used to represent the road network traffic. The weights are used to reflect the impact of traffic density on the charging station service area. The users′ minimum loss on the way to the charging station is chosen as the objective function for locating the charging station. And the weighted Voronoi diagram is used to partition the service areas of charging stations. Finally, the optimal scheme of charging stations is selected to minimize the cost of the whole society. The example proves that the methods and models proposed in this paper are feasible and reasonable for the charging station optimization planning in the city area.

Key words: electric vehicle, charging station planning, the cost of the whole society, traffic flow

中图分类号: 

  • TM715